58 592 FEDERAL SUPPLEMENT, 2d SERIES (4) appropriate damages awards for pain and suffering of former crew members was $3,350,000; (5) appropriate award of damages for widow’s pain and suffering was $1,250,000; (6) appropriate damages awards for post release and future pain and suffering of former crew members was $13,400,000; and (7) appropriate damages award for post release and future pain and suffering of captain was $11,000,000. Judgment for plaintiffs. 1. Limitation of Actions O104.5 Plaintiffs were entitled to equitable tolling of the deadline for filing their action, under the terrorism exception to the Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act (FSIA), against the Government of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (North Korea), arising out of the 1968 capture of a United States Navy vessel and the kidnaping and torture of its crew, where North Korea was immune from suit until enactment of the relevant FSIA provision in 1996. 28 U.S.C.A. § 1605(a)(7), (f). 2. Aliens, Immigration, and Citizenship O767 International Law O10.33 Former members of crew of United States Naval vessel captured by the Government of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (North Korea) in 1968 were victims of ‘‘torture,’’ within meaning of the Torture Victims Protection Act (TVPA), for purposes of their action under the terrorism exception to the Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act (FSIA); former crew were held in unsanitary conditions, provided with poor food, and repeatedly beaten and threatened in order to coerce them into signing ‘‘confessions’’. U.S.C.A. §§ 1350, 1605(a)(7). 28 See publication Words and Phrases for other judicial constructions and definitions. 3. International Law O10.33 Treaties O8 Former members of crew of United States Naval vessel captured by the Government of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (North Korea) in 1968 were victims of ‘‘hostage taking,’’ within meaning of the International Convention Against the Taking of Hostages, for purposes of their action under the terrorism exception to the Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act (FSIA); former crew were held under threat of death in order to coerce the U.S. Government to apologize for alleged incursion into North Korean waters. 28 U.S.C.A. § 1605(a)(7), (e)(1). See publication Words and Phrases for other judicial constructions and definitions. 4. International Law O10.33 Former members of crew of United States Naval vessel captured by the Government of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (North Korea) in 1968, and the widow of the vessel’s captain, suffered personal injury, within meaning of the terrorism exception to the Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act (FSIA), as required in their action under that statute, where North Korean held the crew hostage and subjected them to physical and mental torture. 28 U.S.C.A. § 1605(a)(7). 5. Damages O20 Under California law, when a person is injured by the tortuous acts of another, she is entitled to recover from the tortfeasor an amount that will compensate for all the detriment proximately caused by the tortious acts.

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