A/HRC/WGAD/2013/34 the relevant international instruments accepted by the States concerned, is of such gravity as to give the deprivation of liberty an arbitrary character (category III); (d) When asylum seekers, immigrants or refugees are subjected to prolonged administrative custody without the possibility of administrative or judicial review or remedy (category IV); (e) When the deprivation of liberty constitutes a violation of international law for reasons of discrimination based on birth, national, ethnic or social origin, language, religion, economic condition, political or other opinion, gender, sexual orientation, or disability or other status and which aims towards or can result in ignoring the equality of human rights (category V). Submissions Communication from the source 3. The case summarized below was reported to the Working Group on Arbitrary Detention as follows. 4. The case concerns five individuals (petitioners), all nationals of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, who were arrested in 1994 by agents of the National Security Agency of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea. No arrest warrant was presented and as they have been detained incommunicado since that time, family members have had to rely on information received informally regarding the reason for their detention, their whereabouts and status of well-being. The source believes the petitioners are detained in political prison camps but cannot confirm their location, citing the fact that the National Security Agency conducts activities pertaining to political prison camps in secret. 5. Kim Im Bok, female, born 16 November 1966, usually residing at 31-ban, Boeun-dong, Yoosun-gu, Hoiryeong, North Hamykung, was 29 years old at the time of her arrest. In 1992, she fled to Helong, China, purportedly for economic reasons, and was accompanied by her mother, brother (Kim Kwang Ho) and son (Sung Il). Kim Im Bok resided apart from her family in Yanbian, where she was employed. In late February 1993, her family were arrested, repatriated and interrogated by the National Security Agency in North Hamkyung. As the reason for their defection was not considered political, the family was released from detention in June 1993 and sentenced to exile in a rural area. 6. At the end of July 1994, Kim Im Bok was arrested at the Yanbian Hospital where she was hospitalized for treatment of a stomach problem. The source is of the opinion that the hospital staff informed the authorities of her nationality. On 2 August 1994, she was repatriated to Hoiryeong and interrogated by the National Security Agency for three months. In mid-August 1994, Kim Im Bok’s brother bribed the agent of the National Security Agency from North Hamkyung in charge of her interrogation for details of his sister’s arrest and detention. He was informed that Kim Im Bok was considered a political prisoner for accepting help from a Korean church in Yanbian and had received a long prison sentence as a consequence. 7. In October 1994, the same agent delivered a letter from Kim Im Bok to her brother, conveying her belief that she might be sentenced to approximately 10 years imprisonment and indicating her impending transfer from the National Security Agency prison in North Hamkyung to Camp No. 15 in Yoduk or similar. In or around November 1994, the agent informed her family that Kim Im Bok had been transferred to a political prison camp, presumably Camp No. 15. The source reports that her family has enquired at prisons, including the Jeongeo-ri Prison in Hoiryeong, those in Hamheung and others in nearby cities to no avail, as her name does not appear on any of the prison registries. 2

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